Endoscopic Sclerotherapy is a procedure used for the treatment for acute variceal bleeding. The management of acute oesophageal variceal bleeding still remains a clinical challenge as endoscopic sclerotherapy is associated with substantial systemic complications such as too.
During Endoscopic sclerotherapy, the doctor injects medicine (Sclerosant) into the blood vessels. An injector having a retractile needle is passed through the operating part of an endoscope and the sclerosant is injected into the varix. It controls active haemorrhage in approximately 90% of the cases. A second session of Sclerotherapy should not be performed earlier than seven days after the first session as this reduces the risk of ulceration.
It can cause complications like stricture/bleeding.