Diagnostic Upper GI
Endoscopy is a non-surgical procedure that allows the doctor to take a look at the internal organs of the body through a fiber optic camera known as an endoscope The endoscope may be inserted through the mouth(Upper GI scopy) or through the anus(Lower GI scopy).
What is Upper Gastrointestinal (GI) scopy?
Upper GI scopy allows your physician to see the upper part of your digestive tract that comprises of
- The esophagus – a tube that connects the mouth to the stomach.
- The stomach, and
- The duodenum – the beginning of the small intestine.
Lower GI scopy involves taking a look at the lower part of the digestive tract that comprises of
- Colon, and
- Large intestine.
Why is Upper GI scopy performed?
Upper GI scopy is performed by doctors to diagnose and treat the problems related to the upper part of the digestive tract. These problems include:
- Crohn’s disease, Celiac disease and other Gastrointestinal disorders.
- Peptic(stomach) ulcers.
- Esophagitis, Duodenitis, Gastritis.
- Tumors(Malignant or non-malignant).
- Acid Reflux and heartburn.
When should you see a Gastroenterologist?
You need to see your doctor immediately if you are suffering from any of the following symptoms:
- Nausea and vomiting
- Bleeding in the Gastrointestinal tract
- Unexplained weight loss
How is an Upper GI scopy performed?
Upper GI scopy is an outpatient procedure that may be a little uncomfortable but not very painful. The patient is made to lie on the left side during the procedure. The procedure takes about 30 minutes wherein the doctor administers a numbing spray in your throat and then inserts the endoscope through your mouth. Air is pumped through the endoscope to make it easier to view the organs. The images from the endoscope can be viewed on a monitor. The doctor may remove a small piece of tissue(biopsy) for further investigation and treatment.